Myanmar is known for its culture heritage and unspoiled nature resources but all visitors agree that the most beautiful and precious is the people. You could fine that Myanmar are friendly, helpful people who always open arms to treat well all visitors heartily.
Myanmar, formerly known as Burma until 1989, is recognized by the world as the Golden Land. The country's name was officially changed by the military government that took over in 1988. Yangon (formerly known as Rangoon) is the commercial capital and largest city. The administrative capital is Naypyidaw. There were three golden periods in Myanmar history. King Anawyahta consolidated the whole country into the First Myanmar Empire in Bagan (1044 AD-1077 AD). The Bagan Empire covered the area of the present-day Myanmar and the entire Menan Valley in Thailand that lasted two centuries. The Bagan Dynasty collapsed with the invasion of the Mongols under Kublai Khan in the 13th century. The Second Myanmar Empire of the Taungoo Period (1551 AD-1581 AD) was founded by King BayinNaung and King AlaungPhaya founded the Third Myanmar Empire in 1752 AD. It was during the peak of the Konbaung Dynasty that the British moved into Myanmar. It became British colony after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in 1825, 1852, 1885 AD. During the Second World War, it was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 till the return of allied forces in 1945. Myanmar regained the status of a "Sovereign Independent State" on 4th January 1948, after 123 years of British Colonial administration.
Myanmar, officially Union of Myanmar, republic in Southeast Asia, bounded on the west by Bangladesh, on the northwest by India's Assam State, on the northeast by China's Yunnan Province, on the east by Laos and Thailand, and on the southwest by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal. The longest land border is shared with China.It is located between 9º 32' and 28 º 31 north latitudes and 92º 10' and 101º 11' east longitudes.
Union of Myanmar is the largest country on the mainland South East Asia. Its totally land area is 676,577 sq km (261228 sq miles). From north to south 2099 km (1275 miles) long and from east to west its widest is 925 km (582 miles). As it faces Bay of Bengal, Gulf of Bengal, Gulf of Mottama and Andaman seas, it has 2832 km (1385 miles) long coastline consisting of Rakhine (Arakan) coastline (443 miles), Ayeyarwaddy (Irrawady) Delta coastline (272 miles) and Tanintharyi (Tennaserim) coastline (670 miles). Myanmar has 6523 km (3908 miles) of international land boundary 1655 km(1034 miles) with Thailand, 234 km (146 miles) with Laos, 2214 km (1384 miles) with People's Republic of China, 1445(903 miles) with India (Assam) and 270(169 miles) with Bangladesh.
The country covers area of 261,228 square miles (675,577 sq km) and has a coastline measuring 1,275 miles (2,051 km). The terrain ranges from arid plains to cool, sprawling hills, ice-capped mountains, white-sand beaches, lush farmland, hidden valleys and thick virgin forest.
The rivers in Myanmar have been its lifelines. The longest and most important river called Ayeyarwaddy (Once called Irrawaddy) and being long 1,240 miles is running down the centre of the country from its very tip into the sea. Other rivers are the Chindwin being navigable 492 miles, the Sittaung not being navigable due to strong currents but being used to float down teak logs and the Thalwin being navigable 55 miles. All over the country and especially in the delta, there are natural springs, hundreds of streams and rivulets, and canals and dams constructed for farmers. The jungles in Myanmar are filled with rare animals, birds, butterflies, orchids and medicinal plants.
Myanmar has a tropical climate with three general seasons. The rainy season is during the Southwest monsoons from mid-May to mid-October, the dry cool season from mid-October to mid-February, and the hot season from mid-February until the onset of the rains in May.
Rainy Season with average temperature 25 º - 30 º C
Dry cool season with average temperature 20 º - 24 º C
Hot season with average temperature 30 º - 35 º C
Our Myanmar standard time is 6 ½ hour ahead of GMT.
Myanmar is a union of 135 ethnic groups with their own languages and dialects. The major races are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Bamar, Rakhine, and Shan. The name Myanmar embraces all the ethnic groups.Population is estimated to be over 56 million.Composition of the Different Ethnic Groups under the 8 Major National Ethnic Races in Myanmar.Kachin comprises 12 different ethnic groups, Kayah comprises 9 different ethnic groups, Kayin comprises 11 different ethnic groups, Chin comprises 53 different ethnic groups, Bamar comprises 9 ethnic groups, Mon comprises 1 ethnic groups, Rakhine comprises 7 ethnic groups and Shan comprises 33 ethnic groups.
The majority of the population is Buddhist; Theravada Buddhism is professed widely. Religious intolerance or discrimination on grounds of religion is non-existence in the Union of Myanmar throughout its long history. The main religions of present day Myanmar are Buddhism (89.20%), Christianity (5.05%), Muslims (3.78%), Hindus (0.55%), and Animism (1.27%) and other faiths such as Bahai Sikhs, Lipianfujianhal, Chinese, etc.(0.61%).
45 million people speak 111 languages in Myanmar. Majority of Myanmar speak Myanmar language.
Myanmar alphabet consists of 33 consonants, and a few of them are semi-vowels (like 'y' in English). Myanmar vowels are not included in the Myanmar alphabet. They are stand-alone.
The currency in Myanmar is the Kyat. Present denominations are in notes: Kyats.: 1000, 500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 1.
Now Government is freely allowed all the tourist to take USD 10,000 in cash when tourist visit to Myanmar. Government have been removed foreign Exchange Certificates (FEC) in 2013, and officially allow to use all foreign currency. Myanmar has much official exchanged counters in Major City and easy to exchange USD, SGD and EURO. Tourist can be used credit card (MASTER and VISA) allow any ATMs in major cities and tourist spots. But there have some limitation in withdraw of K300,000 which equal with USD per transaction and in using credit cards in ATM. For ATM cash withdrawals, there is a K 5000 per transaction fee, Tourist are allowed multiple transaction of 3 times a day.
Point of sale payments
The use of international bank and credit cards to pay for goods and services at outlets in Myanmar is currently limited but, Yangon and some of the more popular spots around the country, cards can be used at point of sale –transaction charge (4.35%) may be incurred.
Myanmar is a Land of Festivals: a festival for every month of the year. Most festivals are cultural and religious. Majority is nation-wide celebrated while a few are distinctly regional.The dates of the festivals and special events usually fall on the full moon day of the month.